The History of Carpet
Even if we don’t know the exact period when the first antique hand-woven carpets were produced, it’s believable that this art dates back to many centuries before Christ, and by nomadic people, spurred by the motive to protect themselves from the extremes of cold weather. For ages the hand-weaving culture reached all Asia thanks to invader army, many traders and, most of all, handing down the hand-knotting technique, which became culture and art year by year.
The Pazyryk Carpet
The earliest surviving pile carpet in the world is called the Pazyrik Carpert, dating V th century BC. It’s the oldest well-known hand-knotted carpet. It was excavated by the Russian archaeologist Sergei Rudenko in 1949, in the valley of Pazyryk , in the Altay mountains of Siberia, where it had been preserved by ice. The rug can now be seen on display in the Hermitage Museum of St. Petersburg. Its origin is unknown but many believe that it was made by Persian weavers. It’s a inexhaustible source of information
It was woven with the technique of the Turkish knot. Its decoration is rich and varied. The central field is occupied by cross-shaped figures, each of which consists of four stylized lotus buds. This composition is framed by a border of griffins, followed by a border of twenty four fallow deer. The widest border contains representations of work-horses and men.It's not a tribal or rough carpet, but it's a fine example, made by a skilled and experienced weaver.